Bunions are an enlargement of the big toe joint on the feet which is almost always involved with a change in the angle of the big toe or hallux. Bunions are very common. It may or may not be painful and it never looks good and almost always poses a difficulty for the fitting of footwear. They do usually tend to be inherited and can be a result of wearing footwear that are too restricted and tight. They are more prevalent in females and this might be because of that choice of shoes. They are often painful inside the joint because of arthritis-like symptoms and they also can be painful due to pressure from the footwear on the enlarged joint.
Might exercises help bunions? They might be able to, but they are not likely to really make the bony enlargement disappear and they may help improve the angle of the great toe or hallux a little. The best way to make the bunion go away is with surgery. No amount of exercising is will make that go down. The amount of force creating the bunion and causing the big toe or hallux to deviate way is greater than what any exercise is likely to change. However, in spite of this, the exercises that you generally see suggested are still probably worth carrying out since they can help keep your joint mobile as well as flexible which is a beneficial thing. That improvement in the range of motion of the joint will go a long way to assisting pain that often occurs inside the joint. The sort of bunion exercises that are most beneficial are the ones which stretch and move the joints through its full range of motion in all directions. Often these exercises for bunions that can strengthen the arch muscles of the foot may also be helpful. Even if surgery is used, the exercises pre and post the surgery will benefit the recovery.